再辨东亚古人类印加骨的高频出现

杜抱朴. 再辨东亚古人类印加骨的高频出现[J]. 第四纪研究, 2018, 38(6): 1431-1437. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2018.06.10
引用本文: 杜抱朴. 再辨东亚古人类印加骨的高频出现[J]. 第四纪研究, 2018, 38(6): 1431-1437. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2018.06.10
杜抱朴. 再辨东亚古人类印加骨的高频出现[J]. 第四纪研究, 2018, 38(6): 1431-1437. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2018.06.10 Du Baopu. Review the high frequencies of the inca bone in East Asian hominins[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2018, 38(6): 1431-1437. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2018.06.10
Citation: Du Baopu. Review the high frequencies of the inca bone in East Asian hominins[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2018, 38(6): 1431-1437. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2018.06.10

再辨东亚古人类印加骨的高频出现

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杜抱朴, 男, 28岁, 博士研究生, 古人类研究, E-mail:dubaopu1989@163.com

  • 中图分类号: Q981;Q983

Review the high frequencies of the inca bone in East Asian hominins

  • 印加骨作为一项重要的非测量性状,主要由遗传因素调控,对于解读现代人群的扩散和分布具有重要意义。但在印加骨所在区域还存在另一类型的缝间骨即前顶间骨,前人在研究中常将两者相混淆。文章通过观察中国古人类头骨(直立人4例,早期智人4例和早期现代人3例)中的缝间骨形态,依据其下缘横向骨缝的位置特征,对这些骨骼进行再次鉴定分类。结果表明北京直立人11号头骨和石沟枕骨所属个体具有印加骨,北京直立人12号头骨、大荔头骨和穿洞2号头骨具有前顶间骨,丽江头骨具有人字点骨。而北京直立人2号和10号头骨的下缘横向骨缝处于枕骨圆枕区域内或下侧,表明这两处骨缝并非是枕横缝,即北京直立人2号和10号头骨不具有印加骨。丁村和许家窑古人类顶骨后上角的缺刻特征,更可能与额外骨化中心的出现(人字点骨或前顶间骨)相关,而非是印加骨。总之,目前的古人类化石证据表明印加骨在中国古人类出现次数并不多。

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  • 图 1 

    印加骨(a)和前顶间骨[1] (b)示意图

    Figure 1. 

    Examplesof the inca bone(a) and pre-interparietal bone[1] (b)

    图 2 

    北京直立人2 (a)、10 (b)、11 (c)和12 (d)号头骨背侧观

    Figure 2. 

    Posteriorview of Homo erectus pekinensis Skull Ⅱ (a), Ⅹ (b), Ⅺ (c)and Ⅻ (d):upper image was quoted from Weidenreich[11]; lower image was photoed from the models collected in IVPP. As Weidenreich[11] stated, the arrows displayed in (a) and (b) show the mendosal suture, while the arrows displayed in (c) and (d) show the inca bone

    图 3 

    假缝示意图(a,引自Tubbs等[16])、北京直立人10号头骨左侧(b)和右侧(c)假缝(下侧箭头指示假缝,上侧箭头指示人字缝)以及北京直立人11号头骨中印加骨形态(d)(下侧箭头指示枕横缝,上侧箭头指示人字缝)

    Figure 3. 

    Exampleof the mendosal suture(a, Tubbs, et al. [16]), the left(b) and right(c) mendosal sutures displayed in the Homo erectus pekinensis Skull Ⅹ:infer arrows show the mendosal suture and superior arrow shows the lambdoidal suture. The inca bone displayed in Homo erectus pekinensis Skull Ⅺ (d), infer arrow shows the transverse occipital suture and superior arrows show the lambdoidal sutures

    图 4 

    大荔头骨(a)、丁村顶骨(b)、许家窑Ⅵ顶骨(c)、许家窑Ⅹ顶骨(d)、石沟枕骨(e)、穿洞2号头骨(f)[15]、丽江头骨(g)和Olenjy Ostrow头骨(h)

    Figure 4. 

    Viewof Dali skull (a), Dingcun parietal bone (b), Xujiayao Ⅵ parietal bone (c), Xujiayao Ⅹ parietal bone (d), Shigou occipital bone (e), Chuangdong Ⅱ skull (f)[15], Lijiang skull(g) and Olenjy Ostrow skull (h)

    图 5 

    Vértesszöllös枕骨(a)[28]、Ndutu头骨(b)[29]、Petralona头骨(c)[30]和Saccapastore头骨(d)[31]

    Figure 5. 

    Posteriorview of the Vértesszöllös occipital bone (a)[28], Ndutu skull (b)[29], Petralona skull (c)[30] and Saccapastore skull (d)[31]

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出版历程
收稿日期:  2017-12-26
修回日期:  2018-06-05
刊出日期:  2018-11-30

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