山东曲阜林家遗址动物考古学研究——兼论海岱地区岳石文化时期和商代动物资源利用策略

梁瑞娟, 董文斌, 宋艳波. 山东曲阜林家遗址动物考古学研究——兼论海岱地区岳石文化时期和商代动物资源利用策略[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 227-241. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.19
引用本文: 梁瑞娟, 董文斌, 宋艳波. 山东曲阜林家遗址动物考古学研究——兼论海岱地区岳石文化时期和商代动物资源利用策略[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 227-241. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.19
梁瑞娟, 董文斌, 宋艳波. 山东曲阜林家遗址动物考古学研究——兼论海岱地区岳石文化时期和商代动物资源利用策略[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 227-241. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.19 LIANG Ruijuan, DONG Wenbin, SONG Y anbo. Zooarchaeology research at the Linjia site in Qufu, Shandong Province: Exploration on the utilization strategy of animal resources during the Yueshi Culture and Shang Dynasty in the Haidai area[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 227-241. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.19
Citation: LIANG Ruijuan, DONG Wenbin, SONG Y anbo. Zooarchaeology research at the Linjia site in Qufu, Shandong Province: Exploration on the utilization strategy of animal resources during the Yueshi Culture and Shang Dynasty in the Haidai area[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 227-241. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.19

山东曲阜林家遗址动物考古学研究——兼论海岱地区岳石文化时期和商代动物资源利用策略

  • 基金项目:

    国家重点研发计划项目(批准号: 2020YFC1521606)资助

详细信息

Zooarchaeology research at the Linjia site in Qufu, Shandong Province: Exploration on the utilization strategy of animal resources during the Yueshi Culture and Shang Dynasty in the Haidai area

More Information
  • 林家遗址是在山东曲阜地区发现的一处重要的夏商时期聚落。本研究对该遗址2013年度发掘出土的570件岳石文化晚期和中商时期动物骨骼进行了鉴定和定量分析。结果表明, 遗址动物群构成包括黄牛(Bos taurus)、羊(Caprinae)、猪(Sus scrofa domesticus)、狗(Canis familiaris)、狗獾(Meles meles)和梅花鹿(Cervus nippon)等, 以家养动物为主, 野生动物仅作为补充。从动物构成的历时性变化来看, 岳石文化晚期, 先民利用最多的动物为黄牛, 家猪次之; 排除掉特殊埋藏的完整动物遗存, 家猪是中商时期先民利用最多的动物, 其次是黄牛和野生鹿科动物。将研究视野扩展到海岱地区, 大多数遗址的先民主要通过饲养以猪为主的家养动物来获取肉食资源, 家养动物构成相对比较稳定, 包括猪、黄牛、羊和狗。只有少量商代遗址, 如李屋遗址, 出土的野生动物比例较高, 且野生动物种属繁杂, 这与遗址所处的特殊地理位置及遗址的特殊性有关。另外, 林家遗址岳石文化晚期以黄牛为主的动物群特征可能与遗址的性质或发掘区在聚落中所处的位置有关。

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  • 图 1 

    研究区示意图及本研究涉及的遗址分布

    Figure 1. 

    Location map of Linjia site and related sites

    图 2 

    林家遗址发掘区分布图

    Figure 2. 

    Distribution map of excavated area at Linjia site in 2013

    图 3 

    林家遗址Ⅰ区遗迹分布图(出土有动物遗存的遗迹标为红色)

    Figure 3. 

    The distribution map of the remains in AreaⅠof Linjia site, and the pits with faunal remains unearthed were marked red

    图 4 

    林家遗址出土部分代表性动物遗存

    Figure 4. 

    Representative faunal remains unearthed at Linjia site

    图 5 

    林家遗址Ⅲ区遗迹分布图(出土动物遗存的遗迹标为红色)

    Figure 5. 

    The distribution map of the remains in Area Ⅲ of Linjia site, and the pits with faunal remains unearthed were marked red)

    图 6 

    林家遗址岳石文化晚期出土哺乳动物可鉴定标本数(NISP)百分比(a)、最小个体数(MNI)百分比(b)以及肉食量(MW)百分比(c)示意图

    Figure 6. 

    Schematic diagrams of percentages of NISP (a), MNI (b) and MW (c) on mammals at Linjia site during the period of late Yueshi Culture

    图 7 

    林家遗址出土的部分带痕迹的动物遗存

    Figure 7. 

    Representative faunal remains with modifications on bone surface unearthed at Linjia site

    图 8 

    岳石文化时期遗址出土家养和野生哺乳动物(a),以及各科哺乳动物(b)可鉴定标本数(NISP)百分比示意图

    Figure 8. 

    Schematic diagrams of percentages of NISP on domestic and wild mammals (a) and on mammals (b) unearthed at Linjia site, Pengjiazhuang site and Yinjiacheng site during the period of late Yueshi Culture

    图 9 

    林家遗址中商时期哺乳动物可鉴定标本数(NISP)百分比(a)、最小个体数(MNI)百分比(b)以及肉食量(MW)百分比(c)示意图

    Figure 9. 

    Schematic diagrams of percentages of NISP (a), MNI (b) and MW (c) on mammals at Linjia site during Middle Shang Dynasty

    图 10 

    商代遗址出土家养和野生哺乳动物可鉴定标本数(NISP)百分比示意图

    Figure 10. 

    Schematic diagram of percentage of NISP on domestic and wild mammals unearthed at Linjia site, Tangshan site, Qianbu site, Liwu site, Liujiazhuang site, Daxinzhuang site and Qianzhangda site in Shang Dynasty

    图 11 

    中商时期遗址出土各科哺乳动物最小个体数(MNI)百分比分布示意图

    Figure 11. 

    Schematic diagram of percentage of MNI on mammals unearthed at Linjia site and Daxinzhuang site during Middle Shang Dynasty

    图 12 

    晚商时期各遗址出土各科哺乳动物最小个体数(MNI)百分比示意图

    Figure 12. 

    Schematic diagram of percentage of MNI on mammals unearthed at Tangshan site, Qianbu site, Liwu site, Liujiazhuang site, Qianzhangda site and Daxinzhuang site during Late Shang Dynasty

    图 13 

    林家遗址岳石文化与中商时期哺乳动物最小个体数(MNI)百分比示意图

    Figure 13. 

    Schematic diagram of percentage of MNI on mammals unearthed at Linjia site during Yueshi Culture and Middle Shang Dynasty

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出版历程
收稿日期:  2022-05-22
修回日期:  2022-08-27
刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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