气候和地热共同影响泥炭地表面湿度变化——以长白山赤池泥炭地为例

刘莉, 赵红艳, 李鸿凯, 卜兆君, 王升忠. 气候和地热共同影响泥炭地表面湿度变化——以长白山赤池泥炭地为例[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 163-172. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.14
引用本文: 刘莉, 赵红艳, 李鸿凯, 卜兆君, 王升忠. 气候和地热共同影响泥炭地表面湿度变化——以长白山赤池泥炭地为例[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 163-172. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.14
刘莉, 赵红艳, 李鸿凯, 卜兆君, 王升忠. 气候和地热共同影响泥炭地表面湿度变化——以长白山赤池泥炭地为例[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 163-172. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.14 LIU Li, ZHAO Hongyan, LI Hongkai, BU Zhaojun, WANG Shengzhong. Mire surface wetness is jointly determined by climate and geothermy: A case from Chichi peatland in the Changbai Mountains[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 163-172. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.14
Citation: LIU Li, ZHAO Hongyan, LI Hongkai, BU Zhaojun, WANG Shengzhong. Mire surface wetness is jointly determined by climate and geothermy: A case from Chichi peatland in the Changbai Mountains[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 163-172. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.14

气候和地热共同影响泥炭地表面湿度变化——以长白山赤池泥炭地为例

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(批准号: 42071104)资助

详细信息

Mire surface wetness is jointly determined by climate and geothermy: A case from Chichi peatland in the Changbai Mountains

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  • 来自北方泥炭地的研究表明, 沼泽表面湿度变化时常受控于气候变化。然而火山活动区泥炭地的表面湿度是否受到了火山地质的影响?这个问题值得进一步明晰。本研究以长白山赤池泥炭地38cm深的沉积物作为对象, 通过植物大化石、有壳变形虫和腐殖化度多指标分析, 重建该泥炭地过去近50年的地表湿度变化。研究表明, 3个指标揭示的地表湿度变化趋势总体一致, 即38~27cm(1957~1965A.D.)由干向湿转变; 27~18cm(1965~1976A.D.)干湿波动; 18~0cm(1976~2008A.D.)由湿向干转变。与当地的气象数据对比, 发现剖面底部湿度偏低与地热引起的强烈蒸发有关; 而剖面上部湿度偏低与降水少、温度高的气候变化模式较吻合。理解泥炭地表面湿度变化对于泥炭记录的古气候、古环境和古生态重建具有重要意义。

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  • 图 1 

    (a) 赤池泥炭地在长白山的位置、(b)赤池泥炭地与天池的相对位置以及(c)赤池泥炭地取样点

    Figure 1. 

    (a)Location of Chichi peatland in the Changbai Mountains; (b)Chichi peatland and Tianchi Lake; (c)Sampling site at Chichi peatland

    图 2 

    赤池泥炭剖面深度-年龄模型

    Figure 2. 

    Depth-age model of the Chichi peat profile

    图 3 

    赤池泥炭剖面植物大化石分布和聚类图

    Figure 3. 

    Plant macrofossils diagrams and dendrogram of the Chichi peat profile

    图 4 

    植物大化石除趋势对应分析(DCA)物种得分图

    Figure 4. 

    DCA ordination plot of plant macrofossils species

    图 5 

    赤池泥炭剖面有壳变形虫分布和聚类图

    Figure 5. 

    Testate amoebae diagrams and dendrogram of the Chichi peat profile

    图 6 

    植物大化石、有壳变形虫和腐殖化度重建的表面湿度与赤池泥炭地及二道气象站1)的温度和降水变化对比

    Figure 6. 

    Comparison of surface wetness in Chichi peat profile from plant macrofossils, testate amoebae and humification to temperature and precipitation at Erdao Meteorological Station and Chichi peatland

    表 1 

    赤池泥炭剖面AMS 14C测年结果*

    Table 1. 

    AMS 14C dating results of the Chichi peat profile

    实验编号 样品编号 深度(cm) 植物种类 现代碳百分比(%) 校正14C年代(cal.a B.P.) 估算14C年代(概率)(A.D.)
    NENUR11186 CC17 17 藓类 100.67±0.78 现代 1709(18%)/1865(46%)/1955(10%)/2017(26%)
    NENUR11187 CC30 30 藓类 107.88±0.57 现代 1957(12%)/2003(87%)/2005(1%)
    Beta-396276 CC38 38 藓类 106.0±0.3 现代 1957(8%)/2007(92%)
    * 现代碳误差是2 σ,用CALIBomb程序(http://calib.org/CALIBomb/)校正的14C年代误差是2 σ
    下载: 导出CSV
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收稿日期:  2022-05-21
修回日期:  2022-08-25
刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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