武夷山紫色土磁学特征及其对成壤的指示意义

苏泳岑, 吕镔, 刘鑫, 陈梓炫, 郑兴芬. 武夷山紫色土磁学特征及其对成壤的指示意义[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 154-162. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.13
引用本文: 苏泳岑, 吕镔, 刘鑫, 陈梓炫, 郑兴芬. 武夷山紫色土磁学特征及其对成壤的指示意义[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 154-162. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.13
苏泳岑, 吕镔, 刘鑫, 陈梓炫, 郑兴芬. 武夷山紫色土磁学特征及其对成壤的指示意义[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 154-162. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.13 SU Y ongcen, LÜ Bin, LIU Xini, CHEN Zixuan, ZHENG Xingfen. Magnetic characteristics of purple soils in Wuyishan and their significance for pedogenesis[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 154-162. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.13
Citation: SU Y ongcen, LÜ Bin, LIU Xini, CHEN Zixuan, ZHENG Xingfen. Magnetic characteristics of purple soils in Wuyishan and their significance for pedogenesis[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 154-162. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.13

武夷山紫色土磁学特征及其对成壤的指示意义

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(批准号: 41877435)资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    苏泳岑, 女, 23岁, 硕士研究生, 地理环境变化研究, E-mail: suyongcen26@163.com

    通讯作者: 吕镔, E-mail: lvbin@fjnu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: P595;P318

Magnetic characteristics of purple soils in Wuyishan and their significance for pedogenesis

More Information
  • 紫色土是非地带性土壤, 具有磁性本底值低的特征, 是研究成土初始阶段土壤磁性矿物与成土因素关系的良好材料。目前, 国内紫色土系统的环境磁学研究处于起步阶段。本研究以福建省武夷山市的紫色土剖面(简称WYS剖面, 地理坐标为27°44'24''N, 118°00'36''E; 海拔216.3m)为分析对象。该剖面发育于白垩系紫红色粉砂质泥岩之上, 厚度为0.9m。通过系统的环境磁学研究, 结合漫反射光谱一阶导数曲线、色度指标和常量地球化学元素指标, 分析其磁学特征的层次分异, 探讨磁学参数对成壤的指示意义。结果表明: 1)WYS剖面以反铁磁性矿物赤铁矿为主。A层的亚铁磁性矿物磁铁矿含量略有增加, 超顺磁(SP)颗粒含量更高, 磁颗粒相对更细。成壤作用是造成A层和C层的磁学特征差异的主导因素。2)WYS剖面母岩具有易于物理风化、不易化学风化的特征。由于成土时间短, 即便在湿热气候条件下, 母质中磁性矿物转化微弱。母质和成土时间是影响紫色土磁学性质的主导因素。3)成壤过程中, 少部分赤铁矿转化为磁铁矿。磁学参数的微小变化响应于弱成壤作用, 表明紫色土磁学特征可以非常敏感地指示成壤强度。

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    武夷山紫色土剖面地理位置示意图(a)和剖面照片(b)

    Figure 1. 

    Location of WYS purple soil section (a) and the section photo (b) from Wuyishan. The length of ice axe is 75cm

    图 2 

    武夷山剖面常温磁学参数

    Figure 2. 

    Room temperature magnetic parameters of Wuyishan section

    图 3 

    武夷山剖面代表性样品磁滞回线和热磁曲线

    Figure 3. 

    Magnetic hysteresis loops and M-T curves of typical samples from Wuyishan section. Solid lines are hysteresis loops without paramagnetic correction, and dashed lines are hysteresis loops after paramagnetic correction

    图 4 

    武夷山剖面代表性样品DRS一阶导数曲线

    Figure 4. 

    DRS First derivative curves of typical samples from Wuyishan section

    图 5 

    武夷山剖面色度参数

    Figure 5. 

    Chroma parameters of Wuyishan section

    图 6 

    武夷山剖面紫色土元素组成和化学蚀变指数CIA随剖面深度变化

    Figure 6. 

    Sequential variations in chemical composition and chemical index alteration of purple soil from Wuyishan section

    表 1 

    武夷山剖面常温磁学、色度、地球化学元素数值范围和平均值

    Table 1. 

    The value range and the average values of room temperature magnetic parameters, chroma indexes, and geochemical element indexes of Wuyishan section

    指标 A层 C层
    范围 均值 范围 均值
    χlf(×10-8m3/kg) 9.83~12.00 10.80 9.58~9.91 9.72
    SIRM(×10-5Am2/kg) 262.57~278.26 268.92 259.83~269.19 265.07
    HIRM(×10-5Am2/kg) 141.65~158.53 152.85 161.72~170.32 166.52
    χfd%(%) 1.69~6.35 4.43 0~1.69 0.71
    χARMlf 0.15~0.62 0.31 0.18~0.42 0.26
    SIRM/χlf(×103A/m) 22.99~27.00 25.01 26.20~27.75 27.27
    Bcr(mT) 311.56~349.24 331.49 354.42~370.62 364.35
    S-ratio(%) -19.93~-5.62 -13.74 -28.07~-23.14 -25.63
    L* 51.98~52.61 52.21 51.51~52.39 51.86
    a* 12.97~13.69 13.39 13.31~13.68 13.42
    b* 19.17~19.82 19.58 18.13~19.37 18.63
    Ca*b* 23.15~24.16 23.72 22.55~23.71 22.98
    b*/a* 1.45~1.48 1.46 1.35~1.42 1.38
    CIA 80.30~81.04 80.61 78.61~80.41 79.25
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2022-03-21
修回日期:  2022-06-26
刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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