福建梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的过去千年气候变化

潘大东, 凌超豪, 徐晓花, 余凤玲, 林永崇, 李楠楠, 唐领余. 福建梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的过去千年气候变化[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 95-109. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.08
引用本文: 潘大东, 凌超豪, 徐晓花, 余凤玲, 林永崇, 李楠楠, 唐领余. 福建梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的过去千年气候变化[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 95-109. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.08
潘大东, 凌超豪, 徐晓花, 余凤玲, 林永崇, 李楠楠, 唐领余. 福建梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的过去千年气候变化[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 95-109. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.08 PAN Dadong, LING Chaohao, XU Xiaohua, YU Fengling, LIN Yongchong, LI Nannan, TANG Lingyu. The climate change over the past 1000 years by humification records of a peat core from Meihua Mountain in Fujian Province[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 95-109. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.08
Citation: PAN Dadong, LING Chaohao, XU Xiaohua, YU Fengling, LIN Yongchong, LI Nannan, TANG Lingyu. The climate change over the past 1000 years by humification records of a peat core from Meihua Mountain in Fujian Province[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 95-109. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.08

福建梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的过去千年气候变化

  • 基金项目:

    福建省自然科学基金项目(批准号: 2022J230497和2022J01130422)、福建省教育厅中青年教师教育科研项目(批准号: JAT220204和JAT210270)、国家自然科学基金项目(批准号: 42076207和41706039)、国家大学生创新创业训练计划项目(批准号: 202210402014)、2022年度福建省科技特派员(个人)专项项目(批准号: SKTP2231)和闽南师范大学校长基金项目(批准号: L22125)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    潘大东, 男, 39岁, 博士/讲师, 第四纪环境演变研究, E-mail: dadongdedou@163.com

    通讯作者: 凌超豪, E-mail: 304702807@qq.com
  • 中图分类号: P534.63+2;P532

The climate change over the past 1000 years by humification records of a peat core from Meihua Mountain in Fujian Province

More Information
  • 全球变暖背景下频发的极端气候事件, 严重影响了经济社会可持续发展。研究过去人类活动背景下的气候变化特征可为预测气候变化趋势、制定应对策略提供历史借鉴。本研究选取福建梅花山国家级自然保护区山间泥炭岩芯(长度238cm)119个沉积物进行腐殖化度分析, 结合粒度和烧失量记录, 重建近千年来福建地区高分辨率气候历史。研究结果显示, 在东亚季风区的低纬亚高山山间盆地, 泥炭沉积物腐殖化度越高, 指示气候越冷干; 腐殖化度越低, 指示气候越暖湿。梅花山泥炭腐殖化度在980~1529A.D.呈现低值(均值8.4%), 指示中世纪暖期较强的东亚季风和暖湿气候; 1529~1926A.D.呈显著高值(均值24.8%), 指示明清小冰期较弱的季风和冷干气候; 1926A.D.以来波动下降(均值22.8%), 对应了现代暖期。梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录与区域沉积记录显示出对东亚季风的同步响应。研究结果记录了小冰期的第二次和第三次冷期, 分别为1589~1757A.D.和1842~1926A.D.。梅花山泥炭腐殖化度记录的近千年气候变化可能受太阳辐射、热带辐合带和厄尔尼诺/南方涛动等的共同驱动。

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    研究区和梅花山钻孔位置

    Figure 1. 

    The location of study area and sediment core MHS1

    图 2 

    MHS1孔沉积岩性照片

    Figure 2. 

    Photographs of sediment lithologies from core MHS1

    图 3 

    MHS1孔沉积年代-深度模式和地层剖面

    Figure 3. 

    The age-depth model and stratigraphic profile of core MHS1

    图 4 

    MHS1孔沉积物的粒度、烧失量和腐殖化度

    Figure 4. 

    The grain size, loss on ignition and humification of sediments from core MHS1

    图 5 

    过去1000 a沉积记录对比

    Figure 5. 

    Comparison of different sedimentary records over the last ca.1000 years.

    图 6 

    中国的小冰期和其中的冷期

    Figure 6. 

    Cold periods during the Little Ice Age in China.

    图 7 

    MHS1泥炭腐殖化度记录与其他代用指标对比

    Figure 7. 

    Comparison of the records of MHS1 humification and other records over the last ca.1000 years.

    表 1 

    MHS1孔AMS 14C常规年龄及校正年龄

    Table 1. 

    AMS 14C ages and their calibrations for sediment core MHS1

    深度(cm) 材料 δ13C(‰) 常规年龄(a B. P.) 校正年龄(cal.a B. P.) 年龄(A. D.) 实验室编号
    年龄 误差 2 sigma 概率(%) 中值
    45 叶片 -26.2 70 30 44~58 95.4 52 1968 Beta-624349
    78 叶片 -12.6 360 30 320~494 95.4 409 1611 Beta-615275
    126 炭屑 -24.8 560 30 526~642 95.4 578 1442 Beta-615276
    220 小木块 -22.1 1060 30 930~1048 95.4 973 1047 Beta-615277
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2 

    MHS1孔粒度参数均值和范围

    Table 2. 

    Average value and range of grain size of sediments from core MHS1

    阶段 年代(A. D.) 粘土(%) 粉砂(%) 砂(%) 平均粒径(μm) 中值粒径(μm) 分选系数
    980~1036 均值 15.8 52.9 31.4 30.2 28.5 6.0
    范围 12.0~20.4 40.1~60.3 23.3~47.8 19.0~57.1 16.3~53.9 5.0~7.8
    1036~1211 均值 23.5 65.9 10.5 12.5 12.8 4.1
    范围 18.3~28.5 54.4~73.5 3.5~22.1 8.4~17.8 8.9~19.1 3.3~5.3
    1211~1327 均值 10.4 59.2 30.5 32.4 34.4 3.9
    范围 5.9~21.6 44.3~73.2 5.4~43.5 10.7~51.3 10.9~58.0 3.3~4.6
    1327~1594 均值 21.9 63.3 14.8 14.6 14.6 4.2
    范围 13.3~31.3 53.4~71.3 3.2~25.3 9.5~21.7 9.2~23.3 3.3~4.9
    1594~2020 均值 20.4 69.2 10.3 14.0 14.2 3.5
    范围 7.2~30.5 54.4~75.9 1.2~38.4 7.4~39.5 7.3~42.2 3.0~4.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 3 

    MHS1孔烧失量和腐殖化度的平均值和范围

    Table 3. 

    Average value and range of loss on ignition and humification of sediments from core MHS1

    阶段 年代
    (A. D.)
    烧失量(%) 吸光度(%)
    均值 范围 均值 范围
    980~1036 10.39 3.88~14.53 0.29 0~1.55
    1036~1529 28.99 7.13~60.21 9.48 1.80~17.02
    1529~1753 52.23 30.90~68.26 26.96 5.63~53.55
    1753~1926 44.38 35.33~59.87 19.86 13.25~29.19
    1926~2020 39.30 29.09~60.28 22.80 11.94~40.67
    下载: 导出CSV
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收稿日期:  2022-08-20
修回日期:  2022-10-29
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