红原泥炭记录的晚冰期以来若尔盖地区粉尘通量变率及其气候影响

汪洪娇, 曾蒙秀, 彭海军, 朱诚, 李越, 白勇勇, 曾巧, 孙静茹. 红原泥炭记录的晚冰期以来若尔盖地区粉尘通量变率及其气候影响[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 57-73. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.05
引用本文: 汪洪娇, 曾蒙秀, 彭海军, 朱诚, 李越, 白勇勇, 曾巧, 孙静茹. 红原泥炭记录的晚冰期以来若尔盖地区粉尘通量变率及其气候影响[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 57-73. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.05
汪洪娇, 曾蒙秀, 彭海军, 朱诚, 李越, 白勇勇, 曾巧, 孙静茹. 红原泥炭记录的晚冰期以来若尔盖地区粉尘通量变率及其气候影响[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 57-73. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.05 WANG Hongjiao, ZENG Mengxiu, PENG Haijun, ZHU Cheng, LI Yue, BAI Yongyong, ZENG Qiao, SUN Jingru. Significance of climate conditions in the variability of eolian dust deposition since the last deglaciation in the Zoigê region recorded by the Hongyuan peat[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 57-73. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.05
Citation: WANG Hongjiao, ZENG Mengxiu, PENG Haijun, ZHU Cheng, LI Yue, BAI Yongyong, ZENG Qiao, SUN Jingru. Significance of climate conditions in the variability of eolian dust deposition since the last deglaciation in the Zoigê region recorded by the Hongyuan peat[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 57-73. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.05

红原泥炭记录的晚冰期以来若尔盖地区粉尘通量变率及其气候影响

  • 基金项目:

    贵州省科技计划项目(批准号: 黔科合基础[2020]1Y193)、国家自然科学基金项目(批准号: 42007400)和浙江省自然科学基金项目(批准号: LY22D020002)共同资助

详细信息

Significance of climate conditions in the variability of eolian dust deposition since the last deglaciation in the Zoigê region recorded by the Hongyuan peat

More Information
  • 由于高分辨率的气候重建记录, 尤其是粉尘通量重建结果仍然较少, 晚冰期以来东亚地区的气候突变机制存在很多争论。本研究对青藏高原东北部若尔盖红原泥炭HY2014剖面(深度450cm)样品的灰分含量及其粒度组成和K、Ti、Zr、Rb、Sr、V等元素含量进行高分辨率测定, 基于AMS14C测年结果, 重建了晚冰期以来该地区粉尘通量的变化动态, 并结合过去的研究结果综合探讨粉尘通量的影响机制。结果表明: 1)红原泥炭中的Ti、V、Sr、EFZr、EFRb、EFK等元素主要为风成输入, 可辅助粉尘通量来共同反映研究区大气粉尘沉积的变化历史。2)14000~11600cal.a B.P., 红原地区粉尘通量总体偏高, 其中14000~12800cal.a B.P.期间由于红原地区发生特大古洪水事件使大气粉尘通量数值明显增加, 而12800~11600cal.a B.P.期间气候冷干, 强劲的东亚冬季风和北半球西风急流将裸露的松散沉积物搬运沉积到红原泥炭地中, 导致红原大气粉尘通量增加; 11600~3100cal.a B.P.粉尘通量低, 其中在11600~6400cal.a B.P.期间波动较为明显, 而在6400~3100cal.a B.P.粉尘通量波动更为稳定。早中全新世气候总体暖湿, 受东亚冬季风和北半球西风急流影响较小且植被覆盖度较高, 粉尘通量总体较低; 3100cal.a B.P.以来东亚冬季风增强, 红原地区粉尘通量再次升高。3)红原泥炭粉尘沉积通量记录了新仙女木事件, 还清晰地记录了此后发生的7次粉尘增强事件, 这在中国西北和北部的其他记录中也多有体现。粉尘增强事件发生时, 东亚冬季风增强, 粉尘源区干旱化, 植被覆盖面积减小, 粉尘释放增多, 红原泥炭中粉尘含量升高。

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    研究区及文中涉及到的部分研究采样点所处的地理位置

    Figure 1. 

    Location of the study area and other reference sites.

    图 2 

    HY2014剖面样品基于传统XRF和便携式光谱仪测试数据在整个沉积序列的变化

    Figure 2. 

    Variations of trace element concentration measured by the traditional X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and portable spectrometer in the whole sedimentary sequence of HY2014 profile

    图 3 

    HY2014剖面地球化学元素、灰分与粒度的相关性分析

    Figure 3. 

    Correlation analysis of geochemical elements, ash content and grain size composition in HY2014 profile

    图 4 

    HY2014剖面的现场照片、各深度地层性质以及地球化学元素、灰分、粒度随时间变化特征

    Figure 4. 

    Field photos, stratigraphic properties and the variation characteristics of geochemical elements, ash content and grain size composition with the timeseries recorded in HY2014 profile

    图 5 

    HY2014剖面记录的大气粉尘通量历史变化

    Figure 5. 

    Historical variation of atmospheric dust flux recorded by HY2014 profile. The grey shades represent the dust enhancement event

    图 6 

    HY2014剖面粉尘变化与晚冰期以来其他记录的比较

    Figure 6. 

    Comparison of the dust flux recorded in HY2014 profile with other paleoclimate records since the last deglaciation.

    图 7 

    HY2014剖面晚冰期以来气候代用指标变化特征及其与其他古气候记录对比

    Figure 7. 

    Comparison of the climate proxies in HY2014 profile with other paleoclimate records since the last deglacial.

    表 1 

    HY2014剖面元素因子得分系数矩阵

    Table 1. 

    Element factor score coefficient matrix of the HY2014 profile

    评价指标 F1 F2 F3
    S -0.342 0.694 0.531
    K 0.857 -0.018 0.278
    Ca 0.167 0.543 -0.693
    Ti 0.900 -0.067 -0.031
    V 0.843 0.042 0.098
    Mn -0.045 0.851 -0.154
    Fe 0.313 0.705 -0.493
    Zn -0.174 0.360 0.404
    As 0.098 0.712 0.371
    Rb 0.900 -0.045 0.006
    Sr 0.836 0.231 0.283
    Zr 0.905 -0.171 -0.063
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收稿日期:  2022-04-05
修回日期:  2022-08-15
刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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