哈萨克斯坦南部Shayan黄土粒度端元指示的14.4cal.ka B.P.以来的风尘历史

苏谌杰, 许仲林, 张东良, 刘奇, 刘建宗. 哈萨克斯坦南部Shayan黄土粒度端元指示的14.4cal.ka B.P.以来的风尘历史[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 46-56. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.04
引用本文: 苏谌杰, 许仲林, 张东良, 刘奇, 刘建宗. 哈萨克斯坦南部Shayan黄土粒度端元指示的14.4cal.ka B.P.以来的风尘历史[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 46-56. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.04
苏谌杰, 许仲林, 张东良, 刘奇, 刘建宗. 哈萨克斯坦南部Shayan黄土粒度端元指示的14.4cal.ka B.P.以来的风尘历史[J]. 第四纪研究, 2023, 43(1): 46-56. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.04 SU Chenjie, XU Zhonglin, ZHANG Dongliang, LIU Qi, LIU Jianzong. Aeolian dust history since 14.4 cal. ka B.P. indicated by grain-size end members of Shayan loess in the southern Kazakhstan[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 46-56. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.04
Citation: SU Chenjie, XU Zhonglin, ZHANG Dongliang, LIU Qi, LIU Jianzong. Aeolian dust history since 14.4 cal. ka B.P. indicated by grain-size end members of Shayan loess in the southern Kazakhstan[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2023, 43(1): 46-56. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2023.01.04

哈萨克斯坦南部Shayan黄土粒度端元指示的14.4cal.ka B.P.以来的风尘历史

  • 基金项目:

    中国科学院青年创新促进会专项项目(批准号: 2022447)和国家自然科学基金面上项目(批准号: 41771234)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    苏谌杰, 男, 26岁, 硕士研究生, 第四纪地质与环境研究, E-mail: 214074515@stu.xju.edu.cn

    通讯作者: 张东良, E-mail: zhdl@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: P534.63+1;P512.2

Aeolian dust history since 14.4 cal. ka B.P. indicated by grain-size end members of Shayan loess in the southern Kazakhstan

More Information
  • 中亚干旱区不仅是全球主要的风尘源区之一, 也是气候变化的敏感区域之一。重建中亚干旱区风尘历史、解释其驱动机制对治理现代沙尘天气和改善人类生存环境至关重要。然而, 关于中亚干旱区风尘驱动机制的问题仍存在不同观点。本研究采用参数化粒度端元分析方法对哈萨克斯坦南部的Shayan黄土剖面(厚度约650cm)进行了分析。结果表明: 1)Shayan剖面沉积物粒度组分分为4个端元, EM1代表高空西风远距离搬运和以团聚体的形式被粗颗粒携带的粘土组分, EM2代表沉积时期大气粉尘的背景, 以浮尘的形式存在的细粉砂组分, EM3代表低空短距离搬运的近源粗粉砂组分, EM4代表较强风力条件下被搬运的局地砂粒组分; 2)EM3+EM4含量指示的风尘历史显示, 14.4cal.ka B.P.至早全新世阶段(14.4~8.2cal.ka B.P.)风力较强, 中全新世(8.2~4.2cal.ka B.P.)风力较弱, 晚全新世(4.2~0cal.ka B.P.)再次增强; 3)西伯利亚高压强度变化是中亚干旱区过去风尘活动变化的主要驱动力。

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    研究区概况图

    Figure 1. 

    Overview map of study area.

    图 2 

    SY剖面的深度-年代模型、粒度和沉积速率变化特征

    Figure 2. 

    Depth-age model and its characteristics of grain-size and sediment rates of SY profile

    图 3 

    SY剖面粒度频率分布曲线

    Figure 3. 

    Frequency distribution curves of grain size in the SY profile

    图 4 

    SY剖面端元的拟合特性和数量选取

    Figure 4. 

    Fitting characteristics and number selection of end members in the SY profile

    图 5 

    SY剖面端元的粒度频率分布曲线和随时间序列的变化特征

    Figure 5. 

    Grain size frequency distribution curve of end members in the SY profile and its variation characteristics with time series

    图 6 

    SY剖面记录的区域风尘历史与相关古气候记录的比较

    Figure 6. 

    Comparison of regional aeolian dust history recorded from SY profile with related paleoclimate records.

    表 1 

    SY剖面AMS14 C测年结果

    Table 1. 

    Results of AMS14 C dating of SY profile

    实验编号 深度
    (cm)
    测年
    材料
    14C年代
    (a B. P.)
    校正年代
    (2σ,cal.a B. P.)
    Bacon年代
    (cal.a B. P.)
    Beta-534759 98 有机质 1820±30 1826~1692 1863. 6~1621.1
    Beta-534760 200 有机质 3420±30 3725~3584 3849.3~3532.7
    Beta-534761 302 有机质 6470±30 7433~7321 7474.9~7153.8
    Beta-534762 402 有机质 8240±30 9310~9090 9440.7~9078.9
    Beta-534763 502 有机质 10160±30 12021~11707 12015. 4~11397.4
    Beta-534764 602 有机质 11600±30 13498~13324 13613.3~13298.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2 

    SY剖面端元参数特征

    Table 2. 

    Parameter characteristics of end members in the SY profile

    端元 众数粒径
    (μm)
    平均粒径
    Mz(μm)
    分选
    系数
    偏度 峰度 粘土
    (%)
    粉砂
    (%)

    (%)
    EM1 1.59 2.13 3.02 0.15 0.96 75.20 24.14 0.66
    EM2 14.16 12.45 2.12 -0.04 0.98 9.35 89.11 1.53
    EM3 39.91 32.76 2.03 -0.11 1.00 0.75 76.88 22.37
    EM4 89.34 104.84 1.88 0.15 0.97 0.00 15.59 84.41
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 3 

    SY剖面各端元组分的相关性

    Table 3. 

    The correlation of end members in the SY profile

    EM1 EM2 EM3 EM4
    EM1 1
    EM2 0.710* 1
    EM3 -0.827* -0.912* 1
    EM4 -0.324* -0.365* 0.058 1
    *表示在0.01水平上显著相关
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2022-07-20
修回日期:  2022-09-30
刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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